Smoked flooring is becoming an increasingly popular wood flooring choice due to its ability to withstand more damage than a non-smoked floor and the unique colours fuming can create. Let’s take a look at the unique features of smoked floors.
Fumed or smoked wood flooring has been treated in an enclosed environment to change its colour. This process involves introducing ammonia (ammonium hydroxide solution) into the atmosphere by placing a container with the solution on the floor of the chamber. The ammonia in the atmosphere causes the tannins in the wood to be brought to the surface changing the wood’s appearance. The concentration of tannic acid within the wood determines the final colour and appearance of the oak.
Variation is a feature of smoked floors, each plank responds differently to the smoking process resulting in a wide range of colours displayed on each plank of flooring. Not every tree, or even every board contains the same quantity of tannic acid, therefore the colour and appearance can vary significantly from board to board and throughout the finished floor. The smoking process gives the floor a varied range of complimentary tones which give a completely unique finish and unlimited design options, as no two boards will be exactly the same colour.
Smoking typically creates a rich brown colour. By changing the temperature of the enclosed chamber, the tones in the flooring can be altered. Hotter temperatures can result in red tones, while cooler temperatures typically introduces green tones into the oak. The varying colours between each board allows for them be laid in creative beautiful patterns that become a unique feature of your home adding a real wow factor.
Smoked Through Veneer
A unique feature that occurs due to the fuming process is that that the colour displayed on the face of the board is the colour that runs through the whole veneer (wear layer). This allows for the board to be sanded and refinished while retaining the original colour of the board. As the colour extends throughout the oak, any scratches will not result in a removal of the colour. The colour extends throughout the oak top layer so any scratches will not result in a removal of the colour.
This also means that any scratches in the board won’t show up as much as they would with a stained or natural oak board. When scratches occur in stained and natural boards they can remove some colour, requiring extra maintenance and the sourcing of an oil that matches the original colour. Smoked floors are extremely popular in high traffic areas due to this.
Around 1600m2 of our popular Ness Smoked Oak was selected for the Eden Locke aparthotel developments in Edinburgh. The unique features of a smoked floor means that the floor will remain in pristine condition for many years to come, even in the busy hotel setting.
Smoked boards typically cost more than a stained or natural floor, however the saving made on maintenance costs for scratches and sourcing a matching dye means that the initial cost can be higher, but overall the costs tend to match up later on due to the additional maintenance costs of a non-smoked floor.
Expert tip: Fuming and smoking both refer to the same process, both ‘smoked’ floors and ‘fumed’ floors have gone through the same process.
Smoked boards have a unique range of complimentary tones and a whole host of benefits making smoked boards an attractive flooring option. See our full range of smoked floors here.
Manufacturer and supplier of premium hardwood flooring, Atkinson & Kirby, has relocated its headquarters to Chirk, North Wales, joining the company’s existing onsite manufacturing and distribution facility. As part of the ongoing development of the company, Atkinson & Kirby has relocated its office headquarters to join its existing manufacturing and distribution facility in Chirk. The move will improve both the service and quality of products by having all staff in one location, unifying working relationships between all departments, from marketing to distribution, as well as improving efficiency, customer service and delivery. Atkinson & Kirby still retains its office and distribution in Livingston. Tradition is an integral part of Atkinson & Kirby and the company is proud to remain one of a few British manufacturers of hardwood flooring, with a selection of solid flooring being produced in its Chirk mill. Tony Miles, CEO of Atkinson & Kirby, comments: “The consolidation of all offices to Chirk is a big move and demonstrates just how serious we are about British manufacturing and sustainability. “We are FSC® certified and take pride in the quality of wood we supply, with rigorous inspections at various stages of production, making sure the wood is always from a sustainable source. “We are a family business and above all, excellent quality and customer service are our priority. The move is already proving successful, with a unified workforce, improved communication and efficiency.READ ARTICLE
When picking out new flooring, many people overlook the toxic chemicals that some flooring types can emit into the home. Young children and pets can be especially susceptible to these toxins which is why it’s important to choose a floor that is as natural as possible and free from any toxic chemicals that can contribute to indoor air pollution. Use this as your guide to non-toxic flooring. Carpet Carpet has traditionally been a popular choice of flooring, however as we become more aware of the health risks associated with carpet flooring people are searching for more natural options. There are many areas in which toxic chemicals could be used within carpet, including the dye used to colour the carpet, adhesives used to bind carpet fibres, and the chemicals used to create resistance to stains. New carpet installation is a large contributor to indoor pollution, a recent EU study identified over 59 hazardous substances found in carpets. Carpets hold these chemicals for months, if not years, but fear not, if you are set on choosing carpet or a rug for your home, place the rug outdoors or a well ventilated area for at least a week, as the first few weeks are when the carpet expels the most toxic fumes. Hardwood Flooring There are two types of hardwood flooring, solid or engineered. When installing hardwood floors the most common option is to glue the floor down. There are many safe, non-toxic glue options that you can use, speak to your installer about sourcing a non-toxic glue. Alternatively, flooring profile options have advanced including 5G click, which simply clicks together allowing you to ‘float’ the floor, without requiring glue. Solid Hardwood Solid hardwood flooring is considered the safest and least toxic option as it’s completely natural and free from any toxins. Solid hardwood floors are made of planks milled from a single piece of timber. It has many advantages, including its durability, with proper maintenance and care, solid wood flooring can last a lifetime. For an even more eco-friendly option, choose 100% FSC certified wood floors, as the timber used to produce the floor comes from legal sustainable sources. However, as solid hardwood floors are 100% wood they can’t be used in moist areas, including bathrooms and basements. Engineered Hardwood Engineered hardwood flooring has low toxicity and similar advantages to solid hardwood flooring, but it can also be used with underfloor heating. Engineered flooring is made from multiple layers of wood for extra stability. Laminate Laminate flooring mimics hardwood, but instead uses synthetic wood. Unfortunately, due to the toxins and chemicals in the bonding adhesives, laminate isn’t the safest option for non-toxic flooring. Ceramic Tile Ceramic tile is also another safe option, as the tiles are usually made from non-toxic materials. However, as tiles require a thinset mortar for the tiles to adhere to, as well as grout to fill the spaces between each tile. While, the tiles themselves do not contain these chemicals, it is possible that these products do. In Summary When choosing your flooring opt for the most natural materials and products for a non-toxic home that is safe for pets and children. Atkinson & Kirby is committed to supplying non-toxic hardwood flooring, with solid hardwood floors being manufactured at our mill in Britain. All of our hardwood floors are FSC and PEFC meaning you can be sure the timber was sourced from sustainable forests. View our solid hardwood floors or engineered hardwood floors. If you would like to order a sample, or speak to one of our experienced customer service team, call 0 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.READ ARTICLE